What is SEO, Search Engine Optimization (SEO),Types of SEO?

Table of Contents

What is SEO (Search Engine Optimization)?

Search Engine Optimization (SEO) is the procedure used to enhance a website’s technical aspects, content relevance, and link popularity in order to make its pages easily discoverable, more significant, and popular when users search for related topics. As a result, search engines rank these pages better. SEO strategies suggested by search engines prioritize both the user’s search experience and the page’s ranking by showcasing content that caters to user search requirements. Such techniques involve the use of relevant keywords in titles, meta-descriptions, headlines (H1), and descriptive URLs that contain keywords instead of numerical strings. Additionally, SEO practices recommend schema markup to define the page’s content meaning and other best practices.

SEO involves optimizing your website to achieve a higher ranking on a SERP (Search Engine Results Page) with the goal of attracting more traffic. Generally, the objective is to secure a spot amongst the top results on Google for search terms that matter most to your audience. It’s crucial to recognize that SEO is not solely focused on the technical aspects of website configuration, but also involves comprehending the needs and interests of your target audience.

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How does Search Engine Optimization (SEO) work?

Despite efforts to maximize results, complete control over search algorithms is nearly impossible. While many businesses desire quick success with minimal effort, effective SEO requires significant time and effort. There is no SEO strategy that delivers immediate results; rather, it is a long-term commitment that requires daily dedication and ongoing investment.

In order to index websites, search engines utilize bots to navigate through all pages, gathering and saving the data into a repository. This compilation is like a library, with the search engine functioning as the librarian whenever a search is entered. Upon receiving a query, the search engine retrieves and presents pertinent information, providing relevant content to users. In order to rank webpages on the SERP, search engine algorithms scrutinize the indexed pages to determine their display order.

Top 4 Types of Search Engine Optimization (SEO)

1.On-Page SEO (On-Site SEO)

On-site SEO, also called on-page SEO, pertains to the method of enhancing webpage performance to boost a website’s visibility on search engines and attract organic traffic. Apart from producing exceptional and pertinent content, on-page SEO involves improving your headlines, HTML tags (such as title, meta, and header), and graphics. It also involves verifying that your website is reputable, trustworthy, and possesses exceptional proficiency.

SEO Keyword Research

It is about identifying the relevant search terms (keywords) that users are searching for and strategically inserting those keywords into your website content to improve your search engine visibility and relevance.

Quality SEO Content

High-quality SEO content is content that is user-friendly and search-engine friendly by focusing on the needs and interests of your target audience, using relevant keywords, and attracting links and shares to improve search engine rankings.

Internal Linking For SEO

SEO Internal Linking refers to the practice of inserting links within a website to connect pages that are related in order to enhance user experience and enable search engines to comprehend the website’s structure and information.

Metadata SEO Optimization

Optimizing HTML elements like title tags, header tags and meta descriptions for Metadata SEO Optimization serves the purpose of effectively communicating the webpage’s subject matter to search engines and users. This enhances the page’s visibility and significance in search engine results pages (SERPs).

Image SEO Optimization

Optimizing images on a website through the use of descriptive file names, alt tags, and captions in order to enhance search engine discoverability and improve user experience is referred to as Image SEO Optimization. This process is aimed at generating more traffic to a website by boosting its visibility on Google image search results.

URL Structure

URL structure refers to the way a website’s URLs are organized and laid out, including relevant keywords that help search engines understand the website’s content and improve rankings, improve user experience, and improve link building.

2. Off-Page SEO

Off-page SEO entails implementing strategies outside of your website to enhance your search engine ranking and visibility on Google’s SERPs. This involves focusing on external ranking elements such as acquiring backlinks from reputable sites in your industry domain, effective social media marketing, obtaining favourable customer reviews across various online platforms, and more. For additional insights, refer to our in-depth post on off-page SEO techniques.

Off-page SEO, which is a crucial factor in determining where your website ranks, refers to any SEO tactics that are implemented outside of your website. Examples of off-page SEO include acquiring backlinks from highly regarded websites in your field, social media promotions, customer reviews, and various other strategies.

Link building and acquiring backlinks are the crucial components of off-page SEO optimization. The process of link building includes securing links for your website from other relevant websites to showcase the quality and authority of your content to search engines.

Obtaining backlinks from authoritative websites in your vertical is an excellent way to demonstrate the superiority of your content’s quality, authority, and relevance to search engine algorithms. Although it may seem challenging to assess the precise impact of a single backlink, getting one from an authoritative source can greatly enhance your domain authority and search rankings.

3. Technical SEO

Technical SEO involves performing website optimizations that make it easier for search engines to crawl and index your website, thereby improving search engine rankings. This includes tasks such as optimizing your website’s load time, ensuring your robot.txt file is properly configured, and setting up redirects properly. The goal of technical SEO is to make her website more accessible and user-friendly for both search engines and website visitors.

Site Load Time

Optimizing site load time entails enhancing website speed and performance to enhance user experience and obtain superior search engine rankings.


Mobile friendly refers to website design and functionality optimized for viewing on mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets. This allows your website to adapt to different screen sizes, load faster, and be easier to navigate on mobile devices.

Crawl Error Identification

Identifying crawl errors involves discovering and rectifying glitches that obstruct the ability of search engines to access website material. These glitches may take the form of broken links, absent web pages, and several other issues that potentially impede search engine perceptibility. By resolving these crawl errors, website proprietors can enhance the search engine ranking and visibility of their websites.

Duplicate Content Audit

A duplicate content audit involves identifying and fixing instances of duplicate content on your website that can negatively impact search engine rankings.

Site Structure

The creation of a well-organized website structure that facilitates user and search engine navigation and comprehension of website content is referred to as site structure. A well-defined site structure can enhance the user experience by simplifying the search for the desired information.

4. Local SEO

Local SEO is an effective approach to optimizing your website for search engines, specifically targeting the area where your business is based. By utilizing local SEO, your business can gain higher visibility in local search results on Google. Regardless of whether your business has a physical location, or caters to a specific geographic region, this type of optimization can benefit you. If you perform a Google search for relevant keywords related to your business and notice a map with 3 listings below it (also known as a map pack), utilizing local SEO techniques can help your business grow.

Benefits of local SEO

Better online visibility

Engaging in Local SEO tactics, such as building citations and links, boosts your online presence, making it easier for potential customers to find your business.

More in-store foot traffic

Improved presence within the community results in increased physical visits to your physical storefront.

Targeted web traffic

By optimizing your website for local search, you can attract more specific visitors to your site, potentially resulting in an increase in leads, subscriptions, registrations, and sales.

More calls

Optimizing Google Business Profile (previously called Google My Business) can result in improved visibility on Google Maps, which in turn can generate more phone calls and physical visits.

Enhanced trust levels

Reputation management builds trust in your business.

More sales

When it comes to selecting a nearby business, customers often rely on online reviews as a guide for decision-making.

Improved conversion rate

By optimizing your website, you can enhance your conversion rate which will result in a surge of contact form submissions, phone calls, email subscriptions, and sales.


SEO presents multiple benefits that make it an extremely important marketing tactic. It’s no wonder therefore that SEO services are now an important part of digital transformation services all over the world. Companies are investing in SEO for their business growth because it can lead to exponential growth in the long term. All things considered, there’s no reason you shouldn’t invest in SEO services. But the trick lies in getting it done right. It’s a high-in-demand but a very specific skill, best left for professionals to take care of. You should look for a company that has experience and expertise in offering these services to multiple businesses across sectors.

Let's Build Your Digital Success Story!
Ready to unlock the full potential of your online presence? Contact us at Affable Web Solutions today and let's skyrocket your rankings with our expert SEO services!
case studies

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As we venture into 2024, it’s fundamental to adjust to the most recent patterns and methods to guarantee your SEO system stays successful. In this blog, we’ll investigate seven state of the art SEO methodologies that will assist you with helping your site’s positioning and drive more natural traffic. From dominating center web vitals to utilizing computer based intelligence driven apparatuses, these experiences will furnish you with the information to overwhelm the SERPs in the approaching year. Make a plunge and find how you can upgrade your computerized impression and make supported progress on the web.

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